Cornea Injuries & Disease: What You Need to Know | Seattle Eye Clinic

Your corneas play an important part in your ability to see correctly. They focus and bend light that enters your eyes and help keep dust, dirt and germs out. If one or both of your corneas are damaged, then your ability to see clearly can be severely impaired.  A corneal transplant could help in this situation.

Cornea diagram on eye

Common Causes of Corneal Injuries

There are a few eye diseases that can cause major injuries to your corneas. Keratoconus is one of them. The cornea in the human eye is normally dome-shaped. This allows for the proper bending and focusing of light. When you have keratoconus, the cornea becomes cone-shaped, which impacts your vision. Fuch’s dystrophy is another condition where the cells in the inner layer of the cornea do not work effectively.  It causes your corneas to become cloudy and will result in a loss of vision.

Physical injuries can also cause issues wherein the cornea is scraped by something sharp such as flying dirt, or objects that are sharp. Eye infections can cause scarring as well. If you have had previous corneal surgery (or other eye surgery in which the cornea was damaged), then issues could arise.

When Might You Need a Corneal Transplant?

Your Seattle eye doctor will give you an eye exam and make his/her recommendation based on what they find. Generally speaking, if your vision problems are due to keratoconus of Fuch’s dystrophy (or any other eye disorder in which your corneas become thinner) then you are a good candidate for a corneal transplant.

If you have had physical damage to your cornea, then a corneal transplant may be recommended.

What is a Corneal Transplant?

Corneal transplant is a surgical procedure in which your damaged or diseased cornea is removed completely and replaced with tissue that is donated. Generally speaking, it helps improve vision in most patients. There are less invasive procedures such as lamellar keratoplasty, in which the outer and inner layer of the cornea is replaced.

While vision is restored to most people completely, there are some who might require the use of corrective lenses after the surgery. Another benefit to the transplant is that it can help ease the pain that is sometimes associated with certain eye conditions.

Are there any Risks Involved?

As with any surgery, there can be risks involved. Corneal transplants could cause eye infections, glaucoma or swelling in the cornea. Sometimes complications with the stitches could arise. Your body could reject the donated tissue. Ask your doctor to go over the risks and get their opinion on whether or not you should opt for the surgery.

Where Can You Get a Corneal Transplant in Seattle?

Clearview Eye & Laser can help provide treatment if you have injuries or damage to your cornea. We have a state-of-the-art operating room and experienced eye doctors who will give you the utmost care and expertise. We have two offices conveniently located in the Seattle area, one in Burien and the other in West Seattle.

Contact one of our Seattle eye care clinics for more information on corneal transplants or cornea injuries. Our dedicated eye care team is available to answer any questions you may have on your corneal problems.